‘Golden Grex (Yellow)’

Beetroot / Betterave / Παντζάρι


Common Name: Beetroot / Betterave / Παντζάρι

Scientific Name: Beta vulgaris craca


Plant’s cycle: Biennial

Light Requirement: full sun

Soil type: fertile, moist, saline soil, ph 6.0 - 6.8

Sowing in nursery: March  

Direct Planting: April

Germination: 8 to 12 days after sowing (15 – 26 ºC)

Harvest: 90 – 120 days

Spacing: 25cm/35cm/2cm  


Flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

Pollination: Cross-pollinated by wind

Plant is self-incompatible

Seed preservation: 5 years


Edible Parts: Cooked Leaves and roots

Medicine: Antitumor;  Carminative;  Emmenagogue;  Haemostatic;  Stomachic;  Tonic

The root contain betaine which promotes the regeneration of liver cells and the metabolism of fat cells. The root is partly responsible for red beet's immune-enhancing effect. The root is carminative, haemostatic, stomachic and a tonic. A decoction prepared from the seed has been used as a remedy for tumours of the intestines. The seed, boiled in water, is said to cure genital tumours. The juice or other parts of the plant is said to help in the treatment of tumours, leukaemia and other forms of cancer such as cancer of the breast, oesophagus, glands, head, intestines, leg, lip, lung, prostate, rectum, spleen, stomach, and uterus. A decoction is used as a purgative by those who suffer from haemorrhoids in South Africa. Leaves and roots used as an emmenagogue. Plant effective in the treatment of feline ascariasis.