‘Epineux De Tunisie’

Cardoon / Cardon / Αγριαγκινάρα


Common Name: Cardoon / Cardon / Αγριαγκινάρα

Scientific Name: Cynara cardunculus


Plant’s cycle: Perennial

Light Requirement: cannot grow in the shades.

Soil type: all soil type.

Sowing in nursery: April

Direct Planting: May

Germination: 14 days after sowing

Spacing: 100cm/100cm/2cm deep  


Flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs).

Pollination: by Bees, Lepidoptera.


Seed preservation: 7 years


Edible Parts: Flowers; Leaves; Root; Stem.

Medicine: Anticholesterolemic;  Cholagogue;  Digestive;  Diuretic.


Cardoon has become important as a medicinal herb in recent years following the discovery of cynarin. This bitter-tasting compound, which is found in the leaves, improves liver and gall bladder function, stimulates the secretion of digestive juices, especially bile, and lowers blood cholesterol levels. The leaves are anticholesterolemic, antirheumatic, cholagogue, digestive, diuretic, hypoglycaemic and lithontripic. They are used internally in the treatment of chronic liver and gall bladder diseases, jaundice, hepatitis, arteriosclerosis and the early stages of late-onset diabetes. The leaves are best harvested just before the plant flowers, and can be used fresh or dried.