Tobacco / Tabac / Καπνός

Ref: SOLA_NICO_001

Common Name: Tobacco / Tabac / Καπνός

Scientific Name: Nicotiana


Plant’s cycle: Annual

Light Requirement: full sun

Soil type: any soil type.

Sowing in nursery:   -

Direct Planting: Spring

Germination: 20 days after sowing, at 20°c


Flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

Pollination: by Bees, Lepidoptera.


Medicine: Antispasmodic;  Diuretic;  Emetic;  Expectorant;   Irritant;  Narcotic;  Sedative;  Sialagogue.

Tobacco has a long history of use by medical herbalists as a relaxant, though since it is a highly addictive drug it is seldom employed externally at present. The leaves are antispasmodic, discutient, diuretic, emetic, expectorant, irritant, narcotic, sedative and sialagogue. They are used externally in the treatment of rheumatic swelling, skin diseases and scorpion stings. The plant should be used with great caution, when taken internally it is an addictive narcotic. The active ingredients can also be absorbed through the skin.

Other Uses: Insecticide; Oil; Repellent.

Known Hazards: All parts of the plant are poisonous. They contain a volatile oil called nicotine, this is a virulent poison that produces nausea, vomiting, sweating, palpitations and nausea.