‘White African Sugar’

Sorghum / Sorgho / Σόργο


Common Name: Sorghum / Sorgho / Σόργο

Scientific Name: Sorghum bicolor


Plant’s cycle: Annual,

Light Requirement: full sun

Soil type: soil of any type

Sowing in nursery: April

Germination: 14 days after sowing (23 - 30 ºC)

Harvest: 90 to 120 days after sowing

Spacing: 30cm/30cm/2cm deep  


Flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

Pollination: cross pollinated by insects

Plant is self-fertile

Seed preservation: 5 years


Edible Parts: Seed; Stem to make sugar

Medicine: Astringent;  Demulcent;  Diuretic;  Haemostatic

The decoction of the seed is demulcent and diuretic. It is used in the treatment of kidney and urinary complaint. The inflorescence is astringent and haemostatic.

Known Hazards: The immature plant is poisonous, especially if slightly wilted, since it can contain the toxins hydrogen cyanide and the alkaloid hordenine. These substances are destroyed if the plant is dried or made into silage. In small quantities, hydrogen cyanide has been shown to stimulate respiration and improve digestion, it is also claimed to be of benefit in the treatment of cancer. In excess, however, it can cause respiratory failure and even death.