‘Greek Common Flax’

Flax / Lin / Λινάρι


Common Name: Flax / Lin / Λινάρι

Scientific Name: Linum usitatissimum


Plant’s cycle: Annual

Light Requirement: Full sun

Soil type: Prefers a light well-drained moderately fertile humus-rich soil. pH: 5.0 – 7.0

Direct Planting: March, April, May

Germination: 5 days

Harvest: between 90 to 180 days


Flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

Pollination: Insects

Plant is Self-fertile

Seed preservation: 5 years


Edible Parts: Seeds,

Medicine: Analgesic;  Cancer;  Cardiotonic;  Demulcent;  Emollient;  Expectorant;  Laxative;  Nervine;  Pectoral;  Resolvent;  VD

Linseed’s main effect is being as a laxative and expectorant that soothes irritated tissues, controls coughing and relieves pain. The seed is analgesic, demulcent, emollient, laxative and pectoral. The crushed seed makes a very useful poultice in the treatment of ulceration, abscesses and deep-seated inflammations. An infusion of the seed contains a good deal of mucilage and is a valuable domestic remedy for coughs, colds and inflammation of the urinary organs. If the seed is bruised and then eaten straight away, it will swell considerably in the digestive tract and stimulate peristalsis and so is used in the treatment of chronic constipation. The bark and the leaves are used in the treatment of gonorrhoea. The flowers are cardiotonic and nervine. The plant has been found to contain various anticancer agents.

Known Hazards: The seed of some strains contain cyanogenic glycosides which has low toxicity. It becomes more toxic if water is drunk at the same time. Contraindicated with a stricture of the oesophagus in no bowel movement conditions and acute gut inflammatory diseases. Contraindicated in pregnancy.