Soybean / Soja / Σόγια


Common Name: Soybean / Soja / Σόγια

Scientific Name: Glycine max


Plant’s cycle: Annual

Light Requirement: full sun

Soil type: well drained soil of any type. pH 4.3 - 8.4

Sowing in nursery: Early Spring

Direct Planting: Spring

Germination: 10 days after sowing

Harvest:   65 - 200 days after sowing

Spacing: 10cm/40cm/3cm deep  


Flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs)

Pollination: Self

Plant is Self-fertile

Seed preservation: 5 years


Edible Parts: Leaves; Seed; Seedpod

Medicine: Antidote;  Astringent;  Diaphoretic;  Laxative;  Ophthalmic;  Resolvent;  Stomachic

The fermented seed is weakly diaphoretic and stomachic. It is used in the treatment of colds, fevers and headaches, insomnia, irritability and a stuffy sensation in the chest. The bruised leaves are applied to snakebite. The flowers are used in the treatment of blindness and opacity of the cornea. The ashes of the stems are applied to granular haemorrhoids or fungus growths on the anus. The immature seedpods are chewed to a pulp and applied to corneal and smallpox ulcers. The seed is antidote. It is considered to be specific for the healthy functioning of bowels, heart, kidney, liver and stomach.

Known Hazards: The raw mature seed is toxic and must be thoroughly cooked before being eaten. The sprouted raw seed is sometimes eaten and is considered to be a wholesome food.