‘Greek Yellow Flesh from Kozani’

Water Melon / Pastèque / Καρπούζι


Common Name: Water Melon / Pastèque / Καρπούζι

Scientific Name: Citrullus lanatus


Plant’s cycle: Annual

Light Requirement: full sun

Soil type: well drained and moist sandy or loamy soils; pH 5.3 – 8.0

Sowing in nursery: April    

Direct Planting: May

Germination: 7 to 8 days after sowing (20 – 32 ºC)

Harvest:  75 days after sowing

Spacing: 100cm/100cm/2cm deep  


Flowers are monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant)

Pollination: Insects

Plant is Self-fertile

Seed preservation: 4 years


Edible Parts: Fruit; Cooked Leaves; Seeds raw or cooked.

Medicine: Cardiac;  Demulcent;  Diuretic;  Enuresis;  Febrifuge;  Pectoral;  Purgative;  Tonic;  Vermifuge

The seed is demulcent, diuretic, pectoral and tonic. It is sometimes used in the treatment of the urinary passages and has been used to treat bed wetting. The seed is also a good vermifuge and has a hypotensive action. A fatty oil in the seed, as well as aqueous or alcoholic extracts, paralyze tapeworms and roundworms. The fruit, eaten when fully ripe or even when almost putrid, is used as a febrifuge The fruit is also diuretic, being effective in the treatment of dropsy and renal stones. The fruit contains the substance lycopine (which is also found in the skins of tomatoes). This substance has been shown to protect the body from heart attacks. The rind of the fruit is prescribed in cases of alcoholic poisoning and diabetes. The root is purgative and in large dose is said to be a certain emetic.

Known Hazards: The sprouting seed produces a toxic substance in its embryo.